Geological works of Rivers


A river is one of the important geological agents which incorporate out its work. The work is mainly divided into three stages, namely.

1. River Erosion

2. River Transportation

3. River Deposition

Fig. No. 1

River Erosion: 

Erosion ability mechanical disintegration or chemical decomposition of rocks is transported from the website online with the assist of herbal groups like wind and running water (or) subsequent displacement. River is an effective eroding agent and carries out its work in exceptional approaches such as hydraulic action, answer and abrasion / attrition etc.

Hydraulic Action: 

The bodily breakdown of rocks takes region naturally and greater the motion larger will be the erosion. In the preliminary and childhood stages, the rivers acquire more enormous kinetic energy. When such water dashes in opposition to rock forcefully, it will break and this will be extra wonderful if.

1. The rocks are already weathered.

2. They are porous and are no longer nicely cemented.

3. Those posses fractures, cracks etc.



This process is a phase of hydraulic motion which includes only chemical decay of rocks. This is an invisible procedure and very high quality beneath favorable conditions.


This is a mechanical weathering process. When the rock fragments hit the rocks which are already exposed, abrasion take place. Thus the rock fragments during abrasion bear put on and tear which is referred to as attrition.

During transportation, heavier and large substances pass slowly whilst finer and lighter material goes fast... When attrition takes location the angular edges disappear and spherical, ellipsoidal stones and so on are fashioned after a lengthy journey.

Fig. No. 2

River Transportation: 

A river transports its fabric bodily as properly as in a solution form. The transport gadget is divided into three groups.

1. Bed load involves heavier particles of sand, pebbles, gravels etc... Which are transported primarily through their rolling, skipping, alongside the backside of stream.

2. Suspended load consists of silt, great sands, clay etc... And such load is carried by river in its physique of water in suspension. As the river is moved, the load is also carried alongside with it. Thus load is transported consistently besides destroy till conditions are favorable. This kind of herbal suspension and separation of sediments account to their measurement is referred to as Sorting. 

3. Dissolved load: Material is transported in an answer condition. The capability to transport the sediments is influenced through river velocity, density etc...

River Deposition is the remaining section of geological work of a river. Among the different kinds of river deposits, a few are listed below:

Alluvial cones and fans: River sediment is recognized as alluvium. If the credit is spread over small vicinity however has a notably steep slope, it is referred to as an alluvial cone. On the different hand, if the credit is unfold over a giant place and has a mild slope, it is known as an alluvial fan.

Placer deposits: The placer deposits are usually composed of heavier metals such as Gold, Platinum, Chromite, magnetite, Rutile, Ilmenite, Monazite etc. which are commonly financial minerals. Eg: Rand placer credit score of South Africa is well-known for gold.

Delta deposits: Most of the rivers attain this stage simply earlier than they merge with the sea. Rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra have constructed up the first-class deltaic areas of the world.

Deltas are very fertile and treasured for agriculture.

Natural levees : During the time of floods, the river contains a very massive scale of river dumps alongside its path on both aspects which are acknowledged as herbal levees. Eg silt, clay.


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